Basil replies that some names are special to him; whenever he likes someone, he always conceals their names from friends, because it makes them seem more mysterious. In general, mysteries are more appealing. This is something Lord Henry completely understands. In his marriage for example, he and his wife have nothing but secrets, and they both like it that way.
The aesthetics of the book have shaped modern-day gothic books, films, art, music and the goth subculture. Walpole published the first edition disguised as a medieval romance from Italy discovered and republished by a fictitious translator.
When Walpole admitted to his authorship in the second edition, its originally favourable reception by literary reviewers changed into rejection. The reviewers' rejection reflected a larger cultural bias: Walpole's forgery, together with the blend of history and fiction, contravened the principles of the Enlightenment and associated the Gothic novel with fake documentation.
Clara Reeve[ edit ] Clara Reevebest known for her work The Old English Baronset out to take Walpole's plot and adapt it to the demands of the time by balancing fantastic elements with 18th-century realism.
In the first, there is the reinforcement of the Gothic narrative framework, one that focuses on expanding the imaginative domain so as to include the supernatural without losing the realism that marks the novel that Walpole pioneered.
The result is that she spurned specific aspects to Walpole's style such as his tendency to incorporate too much humor or comic elements in such a way that it diminishes the Gothic tale's ability to induce fear.
InReeve enumerated Walpole's excesses in this respect: This aspect remains a challenge for authors in this genre after the publication of The Old English Baron. Outside of its providential context, the supernatural would often suffer the risk of veering towards the absurd.
Radcliffe's novels, above all The Mysteries of Udolphowere best-sellers. However, along with most novels at the time, they were looked down upon by many well-educated people as sensationalist nonsense. The establishment of this idea began the movement of the female gothic to be "challenging… the concept of gender itself".
These works were often more horrific and violent than the English Gothic novel. Matthew Lewis ' lurid tale of monastic debauchery, black magic and diabolism entitled The Monk offered the first continental novel to follow the conventions of the Gothic novel.
Though Lewis's novel could be read as a pastiche of the emerging genre, self-parody had been a constituent part of the Gothic from the time of the genre's inception with Walpole's Otranto. Lewis's portrayal of depraved monks, sadistic inquisitors and spectral nuns  —and his scurrilous view of the Catholic Church—appalled some readers, but The Monk was important in the genre's development.
In this book, the hapless protagonists are ensnared in a web of deceit by a malignant monk called Schedoni and eventually dragged before the tribunals of the Inquisition in Rome, leading one contemporary to remark that if Radcliffe wished to transcend the horror of these scenes, she would have to visit hell itself.
Sade critiqued the genre in the preface of his Reflections on the novel stating that the Gothic is "the inevitable product of the revolutionary shock with which the whole of Europe resounded". Contemporary critics of the genre also noted the correlation between the French Revolutionary Terror and the "terrorist school" of writing represented by Radcliffe and Lewis.
Germany[ edit ] German gothic fiction is usually described by the term Schauerroman "shudder novel". Lewis as The Bravo of Venice in Complete summary of Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray.
eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of The Picture of Dorian Gray. elements in The Picture of Dorian Gray?
Satire in Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest - Satire in Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest The Importance of Being Earnest is a comedy of manners, whereby Oscar Wilde uses satire to ridicule marriage, love and the mentality of the Victorian aristocratic society.
Walter Horatio Pater (4 August – 30 July ) was an English essayist, literary and art critic, and fiction writer, regarded as one of the great stylists. His works on Renaissance subjects were popular but controversial, reflecting his lost belief in Christianity.
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A Christmas Carol has , ratings and 13, reviews. Bookdragon Sean said: I read this every year at Christmas, and I always will do. Simply because.