By Derek Boles Any specialized form of discourse has its own unique language and media literacy is no exception. Even experienced media teachers are often bewildered by the seemingly interchangeable terminology used by writers and speakers in the field.
Studio-based presenter of a news show, who holds it all together Assignment The story or angle a reporter is asked to investigate. This may be a single piece or an in-depth investigation that leads to several stories Bias Lack of objectivity, approaching a news story with a set of conclusions already in place, allowing opinion to shape the telling of a story B-Roll General covering footage shot to provide background to a news script e.
Sometimes this is simply "Staff Reporter" but more senior journalists get regular bylines, and often a photo. Chequebook journalism Practice of paying individuals for their exclusive story eg the victim of a kidnapping Citizen journalism News elements video, still photographs, personal accounts published on a blog gathered by non-professionals who may have had closer proximity to a news event than the pros.
Coverage Footage and reporting available to a newscast on a particular story at any given time Digital news services News which reaches a segmented audience through cable subscriptions and broadband internet Embedded Neologism from the Iraq war a reporter embedded into a military unit, exposed to the same risks as them, and supposedly able to report from the front line, unmediated.
Editor Person in charge of a news segment - a chief editor will be in charge ie responsible for if anything should be or go wrong the whole bulletin ENG Electronic News Gathering - the process of sending sound and images down a wire from a field location, rather than physically bringing a tape back to the studio Exclusive or Scoop When a news organisation gets to a story first, or when they have information e.
Thanks to the speed of news exchange via internet, exclusives don't stay exclusive for more than a few minutes. May often be live Hard News Current, timely news which must be reported there and then, without opinion.
Usually to do with politics and governments. Most news organisations will report the same hard news on a given day. Impartiality A legal requirement that news organisations in the UK present a balance of political views, over time and within an individual newscast.
Leak An unauthorised supposedly release of confidential information to a journalist Ownership A big issue when considering the bias of news organisations and the free flow of information to the public: Sometimes known as a wire service News Agenda A list, drawn up by the editor, of stories that will be followed that day.
This is known as the budget in a newspaper News Language News language is very formal, but often contains jargon specific to an individual or ongoing story. News language can be responsible for many neologisms.
The Language Monitor keeps you up to date with new and trending words of the year. Soft News General or human interest story, often can be run without time pressures ie when the news organisation has space.
Sometimes referred to as feature news. Much more editorial choice is exercised over soft than hard news. Sound bite A short but complete statement which provides an emphatic point of view from an interviewee. Some politicians are very practised in the art of soundbites, as it is a good way of getting your views across on TV - no long, complex explanations required.
Spin Doctor Someone whose job it is to represent an individual or a series of government policies in the news in the best possible light. Tony Blair has been much criticised for the use of spin doctors. Tabloid A tabloid-sized newspaper OR Populist reporting which uses sensationalist angles and may not be as rigorous as it could be when it comes to fact checking Talk-back When a live, on-the-scene reporter communicates with a studio anchor via an earpiece Vox Pop Public opinion as expressed by random interviewees 'in the street'.Television is a mass medium, but there are many other kinds of mass media, such as newspapers and radio.
Multimedia – A medium that uses different forms of content (eg., text, audio, graphics. Folio– Newspaper name, Scoop– A story obtained before other newspapers or other media receive the information.
Glossary of Newspaper Terms. caninariojana.com is committed to producing quality papers at reasonable prices and to helping student journalists navigate the world of print.
browse: In new media terms, to look for information on the Internet using a browser, usually by starting in a general area Websites are new media, newspapers and even television are said to be old media.
See also digital media. news: Information which is new, unusually and interesting or significant to the recipient. It is usually about. A comprehensive list of print and magazine advertising terms and definitions.
Advertorial - A print advertisement that is deliberately intended to resemble editorial matter or story in a newspaper . Start studying Media Terminology - Newspapers. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
mass media: Media technologies such as radio, television, newspapers and magazines that reach large audiences via widespread or mass communication, usually by .