Aquilonia From toRome won two battles against their Samnite neighbours, but were unable to consolidate their gains, due to the outbreak of war with former Latin allies. The Latins submitted to Roman rule. The war ended with Samnite defeat at the Battle of Bovianum By the following year, Rome had annexed most Samnite territory, and began to establish colonies there; but in the Samnites rebelled, and defeated a Roman army, in a Third Samnite War.
The influence of these cultures can be seen in objects, such as oil lamps, made and used throughout the Empire. It is thought that the city-state of Rome was initially formed by Latium villagers joining together with settlers from the surrounding hills in response to an Etruscan invasion.
It is unclear whether they came together in defense or as a result of being brought under Etruscan rule. Archaeological evidence indicates that a great deal of change and unification took place around BC which likely led to the establishment of Rome as a true city.
During this brief time Rome, led by no fewer than six kings, advanced both militaristically and economically with increases in physical boundaries, military might, and production and trade of goods including oil lamps. Politically, this period saw the early formation of the Roman constitution.
No longer ruled by kings, the Romans established a new form of government whereby the upper classes ruled, namely the senators and the equestrians, or knights. However, a dictator could be nominated in times of crisis.
Rome continued to expand through the Republican Period and gained control over the entire Italian peninsula by BC.
It was the Punic Wars from BC, along with some conflicts with Greece, that allowed Rome to take control of Carthage and Corinth and thus become the dominant maritime power in the Mediterranean. This led to the election of a dictator, L. Cornelius Sulla, who served from BC.
While Rome continued to be governed as a Republic for another 50 years, the shift to Imperialism began to materialize in 60 BC when Julius Caesar rose to power.
Octavian assumed the title of Augustus and thus became the first emperor of Rome. During this period, Rome saw several decades of peace, prosperity, and expansion. In AD the Roman Empire was split into eastern and western empires, each ruled by its own emperor.
The western empire suffered several Gothic invasions and, in ADwas sacked by Vandals. Rome continued to decline after that until AD when the western Roman Empire came to an end.Historians are in agreement that this is the point at which the history of Rome ends and the history of the Roman Empire begins.
Editorial Review This Article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to . Articles on the End of the Roman Republic Look at the Gracchi brothers, the conflict between Sulla and Marius, external forces like Mithradates of Pontus and pirates, the social war, and other factors that strained the Roman republic and led to the formation of the first period of the Roman .
With this, we come to the end of our discussion on the political structure of the Roman Republic, a governmental system which was a precursor to many in . The constitutional history of the Roman Republic began with the revolution which overthrew the monarchy in , and ended with constitutional reforms that transformed the Republic into what would effectively be the Roman Empire, in Religion: Roman polytheism.
A brief treatment of the Roman Republic follows. For full treatment, see ancient Rome. The early historical record. The early Roman Republic (– bce) and the preceding regal period (– bce) are the most poorly documented periods of Roman history.
A lthough he was born simply Gaius Oc-tavius, this Roman became the first true emperor of Rome.
He has been known throughout history as Emperor Augustus or.