It is an ideal companion to Gee's previous book, An Introduction to Discourse Analysis, and will make for an ideal textbook in a wide range of undergraduate courses in language, linguistics and English studies. It is a pleasure to read Gee's simple, clear, humor-injected prose. Part of his brilliance derives from not only making theory accessible, but also anchoring discourse in authentic contexts.
To demonstrate this first claim he describes two responses by women in an interview that show different dialect. At any moment we are using language we must say or write the right thing in the right way while playing the right social role and to hold right values, beliefs, and attitudes.
Thus, what is important is not language, and surely not grammar, but saying writing -doing-being-valuing-believing combinations. To acquire a Discourse, Gee states that you cannot learn by instruction but by apprenticeship. All this means is that the ways of one Discourse may interfere with the ways of another, and you are ultimately who you are based on a combination effect.
Gee uses several terms to go in depth about Discourses. Primary socialization, or the acquisition of our Primary Discourse, is what we obtain from our families and growing up and it affects our world-view the most. Secondary Discourses are acquired by apprenticeship in the community social institutions.
Gee also goes into detail about how primary and secondary discourse acquisition is similar to learning a new language. The first and second language can interfere with each other, but learning the second can strengthen the primary.
Furthermore, Gee presents two theorems to his argument. First, someone cannot engage in a Discourse in a less than fluent manner.
Second, primary Discourses cannot be liberating literacies. Finally, Gee ties all of his terms together with an example of a story created by a 5-year-old. The story is written in lines and stanzas, demonstrates filtering and transferring, and shows practice of a Discourse. It contained all new material with several definitions, examples, and implications.
I believe my summary is lengthy due to the fact that Gee covered so much ground with his article. His work relates to the work of Swales because Swales defines discourse community, which is essentially a community of fluent members involved in a secondary Discourse.
I feel that Gee and Swales collaboratively describe everything there is to know about defining the terms of discourse and Discourse. There is a separation between the two terms. All three articles from this section so far are connected.Critical Literacy as Critical Discourse Analysis* James Paul Gee Department of Curriculum and Instruction discourse analysis (Gee, ).
By "discourse" (with a little "d") I mean any stretch of language, oral or written, that is meant to communicate or can be taken as communicative (in this paper, I will leave aside.
Critical Literacy as Critical Discourse Analysis* James Paul Gee Department of Curriculum and Instruction discourse analysis (Gee, ). By "discourse" (with a little "d") I mean any stretch of language, oral or written, that is meant to communicate or can be taken as communicative (in this paper, I will leave aside.
Literacy, Discourse, and Linguistics: Introduction by James Paul Gee Essay For example at church clean language is used with proper manners that show respect to the church. Gee explains that we acquire discourses by participating in the discourse.
Literacy, discourse, and linguistics: Essays by James Paul Gee. [Special issue of the Journal of Education. [Special issue of the Journal of Education. Ed. James Gee’s “Discourse” What exactly is a Discourse?
There are many struggles in life in which we face head on until we find a way to combat it. This book links such fields as linguistics, anthropology, sociolinguistics, and education to illustrate how the problem of literacy is embedded in a social and cultural context.
The majority of the essays included in this volume are based on original, primary research and bring to light important concerns about the highly political nature of.