Born Francois-Marie Arouet French philosopher, essayist, dramatist, historian, poet, critic, and autobiographer. See also Candide Criticism. The eighteenth century is often called the Age of Enlightenment, but it is just as often called the Age of Voltaire—in the minds of many intellectual historians, the two are synonymous. Voltaire wrote in many genres, excelling at several, but in the modern era he is best remembered for his connections with the theater, his philosophical works, and his contes—short adventure stories dramatizing philosophical issues.
In his 84 years Voltaire was historian and essayist, playwright and storyteller, poet and philosopher, wit and pamphleteer, wealthy businessman and practical economic reformer.
Yet he is remembered best as an advocate of human rights. True to the spirit of the Enlightenment, he denounced organized religion and established himself as a proponent of rationality Voltaire was born Francois-Marie Arouet on Nov. At 16 he became a writer. He wrote witty verse mocking the royal authorities.
For this he was imprisoned in the Bastille for 11 months. About this time he began calling himself Voltaire. Another dispute in led to exile in England for two years. On his return to Paris he staged several unsuccessful dramas and the enormously popular 'Zaire'.
The letters, denouncing religion and government, caused a scandal that forced him to flee Paris. He took up residence in the palace of Madame du Chatelet, with whom he lived and traveled until her death in Three years later, after a quarrel with the king, he left and settled in Geneva, Switzerland.
After five years his strong opinions forced another move, and he bought an estate at Ferney, France, on the Swiss border. By this time he was a celebrity, renowned throughout Europe. Visitors of note came from everywhere to see him and to discuss his work with him.
Voltaire returned to Paris on Feb. His health suddenly failed, and he died on May Achievements at Ferney At Ferney Voltaire entered on one of the most active periods of his life. Both patriarch and lord of the manor, he developed a modern estate, sharing in the movement of agricultural reform in which the aristocracy was interested at the time.
He could not be true to himself, however, without stirring up village feuds and went before the magistrates on a question of tithes, as well as about the beating of one of his workmen.
He renovated the church and had Deo erexit Voltaire "Voltaire erected this to God" carved on the facade. At Easter Communion,he delivered a sermon on stealing and drunkenness and repeated this sacrilegious offense in the following year, flouting the prohibition by the bishop of Annecy, in whose jurisdiction Ferney lay.
He meddled in Genevan politics, taking the side of the workers or natifs, those without civil rightsand installed a stocking factory and watch works on his estate in order to help them. He called for the liberation of serfs in the Jura, but without success, though he did succeed in suppressing the customs barrier on the road between Gex in the Jura and Geneva, the natural outlet for the produce of Gex.
Such generous interventions in local politics earned him enormous popularity. In he received a popular acclamation from the people of Ferney. In the Congress of Vienna halted the annexation of Ferney to Switzerland in his honour.This collection of essays by Voltaire contains a long essay on the Jean Calas case, several shorter essays on religious topics, and his EXTREME TOLERANCE OF THE JEWS VOLTAIRE, TOLERATION AND OTHER ESSAYS () INTRODUCTION.
Author of the satirical novella 'Candide,' Voltaire is widely considered one of France's greatest Enlightenment writers. Voltaire, in keeping with other Enlightenment thinkers of the era, was a.
Click here for printer friendly version of this page. I am going to introduce you to Voltaire, poet, novelist, playwright, historian, scientist and philosopher.
Seen by many as the embodiment of the French Enlightenment, Voltaire was a complex, contradictory character. Jul 15, · View and download voltaire essays examples. Also discover topics, titles, outlines, thesis statements, and conclusions for your voltaire essay.
Voltaire liked recognition and associating with celebrities and the powerful. Despite his belief in tolerance he railed against the Roman Catholic Church, describing it . Biography. François-Marie Arouet was born in Paris, the youngest of the five children of François Arouet (19 August – 1 January ), a lawyer who was a minor treasury official, and his wife, Marie Marguerite Daumard (c.
– 13 July ), whose family was on the lowest rank of the French nobility. Some speculation surrounds Voltaire's date of birth, because he claimed he was.